Oxcarbazepine is an anticonvulsant, or antiepileptic drug. It works by decreasing nerve impulses that cause seizures.

Oxcarbazepine is used either alone or with other medicines to treat partial seizures.

The Trileptal brand of oxcarbazepine is used as a single medicine in adults and children who are at least 4 years old. Trileptal is used with other medicines in adults and children who are at least 2 years old.

The Oxtellar XR brand of oxcarbazepine is used with other medicines in adults and children who are at least 6 years old.

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  • Oxtellar XR, Trileptal
  • More common
    Change in vision
    change in walking or balance
    clumsiness or unsteadiness
    cough, fever, sneezing, or sore throat
    crying
    dizziness
    double vision
    false sense of well-being
    feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
    mental depression
    sensation of spinning
    uncontrolled back-and-forth and/or rolling eye movements
    Less common
    Agitation
    awkwardness
    bloody or cloudy urine
    blurred vision
    bruising
    confusion
    convulsions (seizures)
    decreased urination
    difficulty with focusing eyes
    disorientation
    faintness or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
    fast or irregular heartbeat
    frequent falls
    frequent urge to urinate
    headache
    hoarseness
    increased thirst
    itching of the vagina
    loss of consciousness
    memory loss
    muscle cramps
    pain or burning while urinating
    pain or tenderness around the eyes or cheekbones
    problems with coordination
    shaking or trembling of the arms, legs, hands, and feet
    skin rash
    stuffy or runny nose
    tightness in the chest
    trouble with walking
    troubled breathing
    unusual feelings
    unusual tiredness or weakness
    Rare
    Anxiety
    bleeding or crusting sores on the lips
    burning feeling in the chest or stomach
    chest pain
    chills
    hives or itching
    irritability
    joint pain
    large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
    muscle pain or weakness
    purple spots on the skin
    rectal bleeding
    redness, blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin
    restlessness
    sores, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips
    stomach upset
    swelling of the legs
    swollen glands
    Some oxcarbazepine side effects may not need any medical attention. As your body gets used to the medicine these side effects may disappear. Your health care professional may be able to help you prevent or reduce these side effects, but do check with them if any of the following side effects continue, or if you are concerned about them:

    More common
    Abdominal or stomach pain
    burning feeling in the chest or stomach
    nausea and vomiting
    sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
    Less common
    Acid or sour stomach
    acne
    back pain
    belching
    bloody nose
    blurred vision
    change in your sense of taste
    constipation
    diarrhea
    difficulty with speaking
    dryness of the mouth
    feeling of warmth and redness of the face, neck, arms, and occasionally chest
    heartburn
    increased sweating
    increased urination
    trouble with sleeping
  • (oral tablet, oral suspension, oral tablet, extended release)