Linden trees belong to the Tiliaceae family, which consists of nearly 80 species native to Europe and found in northern temperate regions. The 5-petaled, fragrant, yellow to white flowers are collected after spring bloom, dried, and carefully preserved. The flowers are the most valued medicinal components of the linden tree.
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Reports exist of specific toxicity such as contact urticaria, allergy from Tilia fruit oils in rats, seasonal pollinosis, pesticide residues in linden-containing beverages, and contact dermatitis and rhinoconjunctivitis from exposure to linden wood sawdust in the workplace.
Linden is available in several dosage forms, but there are no recent clinical studies to support a specific dosage. No more than 2 to 4 grams per day of linden in teas or other preparations for internal use should be consumed.