Dilantin (phenytoin) is associate degree anti-epileptic drug, additionally referred to as associate degree medicinal drug. It works by retardation down impulses within the brain that cause seizures.
Dilantin is employed to manage seizures. Dilantin doesn’t treat every type of seizures, and your doctor can verify ifit’s the proper medication for you.
Dilantin may additionally be used for functions ex-directory during this medication guide.
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Get emergency medical help if you have any signs of an allergic reaction to Dilantin: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. You may be more likely to have an allergic reaction if you are African-American.
Report any new or worsening symptoms to your doctor, such as: mood or behavior changes, anxiety, panic attacks, trouble sleeping, or if you feel impulsive, irritable, agitated, hostile, aggressive, restless, hyperactive (mentally or physically), more depressed, or have thoughts about suicide or hurting yourself.
Call your doctor at once if you have:
fever, swollen glands, sore throat, trouble breathing, painful mouth sores, sores around your eyes;
skin rash, easy bruising or bleeding, severe weakness;
severe muscle pain;
nausea, vomiting, upper stomach pain, loss of appetite, dark urine, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes);
bone pain (especially in your hips, legs, or lower back), trouble with walking; or
severe skin reaction - fever, sore throat, swelling in your face or tongue, burning in your eyes, skin pain, followed by a red or purple skin rash that spreads (especially in the face or upper body) and causes blistering and peeling.
Common Dilantin side effects may include:
nausea, vomiting, constipation;
tremors, slurred speech, loss of balance or coordination;
confusion, dizziness, nervousness; or
sleep problems (insomnia).
Usual Adult Dose for Seizures: Oral (except suspension) Loading dose: Only when indicated for inpatients. 1 g orally divided in 3 doses (400 mg, 300 mg, 300 mg) given at 2 hour intervals. Then normal maintenance dosage started 24 hours after loading dose. Initial dose: 100 mg extended release orally 3 times a day. Maintenance dose: 100 mg orally 3 to 4 times a day. If seizure control is established with divided doses of three 100 mg capsules daily, once-a-day dosage with 300 mg of extended release phenytoin sodium may be considered. Alternatively, the dosage may need to be increased up to 200 mg orally 3 times a day, if necessary. Suspension: Patients who have received no previous treatment may be started on 125 mg (one teaspoonful) of the suspension three times daily, and the dose is then adjusted to suit individual requirements. An increase to five teaspoonfuls daily may be made, if necessary. IV: Do not exceed the infusion rate of 50 mg/min. Loading dose: 10 to 15 mg/kg IV slowly. Maintenance dose: 100 mg IV every 6 to 8 hours.