Diazepam is a benzodiazepine (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peens). It affects chemicals in the brain that may be unbalanced in people with anxiety.

Diazepam is used to treat anxiety disorders, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, or muscle spasms. Diazepam is sometimes used with other medications to treat seizures.

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  • Valium
  • More common
    Shakiness and unsteady walk
    unsteadiness, trembling, or other problems with muscle control or coordination
    Incidence not known
    Abdominal or stomach pain
    agitation
    anxiety
    black, tarry stools
    blistering, flaking, or peeling of skin
    blurred vision
    changes in patterns and rhythms of speech
    chills
    confusion
    cough
    dark urine
    decrease in frequency of urination
    decrease in urine volume
    difficulty in passing urine (dribbling)
    discouragement
    dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up from a lying or sitting position suddenly
    false beliefs that cannot be changed by facts
    fast heartbeat
    fast or irregular breathing
    feeling sad or empty
    feeling that others are watching you or controlling your behavior
    feeling that others can hear your thoughts
    feeling, seeing, or hearing things that are not there
    fever
    headache
    hyperexcitability
    increased muscle spasms or tone
    irritability
    itching
    lack of appetite
    lack of memory of what takes place after a certain event
    loss of appetite
    loss of bladder control
    loss of interest or pleasure
    lower back or side pain
    mood or other mental changes
    nausea
    nervousness
    nightmares
    outbursts of anger
    painful or difficult urination
    pale skin
    rash
    restlessness
    seizures
    shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet
    shortness of breath
    sleeplessness
    slurred speech
    sore throat
    sweating
    trembling or shaking of the hands or feet
    tremor
    trouble concentrating
    trouble in speaking
    trouble sleeping
    ulcers, sores, or white spots in the mouth
    unable to sleep
    unpleasant breath odor
    unusual behavior
    unusual bleeding or bruising
    unusual feeling of excitement
    unusual tiredness or weakness
    vomiting of blood
    yellow eyes or skin
    If any of the following symptoms of overdose occur while taking diazepam, get emergency help immediately:

    Symptoms of overdose
    Change in consciousness
    difficult or troubled breathing
    irregular, fast or slow, or shallow breathing
    lack of coordination
    loss of consciousness
    loss of strength or energy
    muscle pain or weakness
    pale or blue lips, fingernails, or skin
    sleepiness
    unusual drowsiness, dullness, tiredness, weakness, or feeling of sluggishness
    Severity: Minor
    Some of the side effects that can occur with diazepam may not need medical attention. As your body adjusts to the medicine during treatment these side effects may go away. Your health care professional may also be able to tell you about ways to reduce or prevent some of these side effects. If any of the following side effects continue, are bothersome or if you have any questions about them, check with your health care professional:

    Incidence not known
    Constipation
    decreased interest in sexual intercourse
    diarrhea
    difficulty in swallowing
    double vision
    dry mouth
    feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
    inability to have or keep an erection
    increase in sexual ability, desire, drive, or performance
    increased interest in sexual intercourse
    increased watering of mouth
    indigestion
    loss of sexual ability, desire, drive, or performance
    passing of gas
    seeing double
    sensation of spinning
  • (oral capsule, extended release, injectable solution, oral tablet, oral concentrate, oral solution, rectal kit, intravenous suspension)