Carbamazepine is an anticonvulsant. It works by decreasing nerve impulses that cause seizures and pain.

Carbamazepine is used to treat seizures and nerve pain such as trigeminal neuralgia and diabetic neuropathy. Carbamazepine is also used to treat bipolar disorder.

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  • Carbatrol, Epitol, Equetro, TEGretol, TEGretol XR
  • More common
    Blurred vision or double vision
    continuous back-and-forth eye movements
    Less common
    Actions that are out of control
    behavioral changes (especially in children)
    confusion, agitation, or hostility (especially in the elderly)
    diarrhea (severe)
    discouragement
    drooling
    fear
    feeling of unreality
    feeling sad or empty
    headache (continuing)
    increase in seizures
    irritability
    lack of appetite
    loss of balance control
    loss of interest or pleasure
    muscle trembling, jerking, or stiffness
    nausea and vomiting (severe)
    other problems with muscle control or coordination
    sense of detachment from self or body
    shakiness and unsteady walk
    shuffling walk
    stiffness of the limb
    sudden, wide mood swings
    talking, feeling, and acting with excitement
    thoughts or attempts of killing oneself
    tiredness
    trouble concentrating
    trouble sleeping
    twisting movements of the body
    uncontrolled movements, especially of the face, neck, and back
    unusual drowsiness
    Rare
    Black, tarry stools
    blood in the urine or stools
    bone or joint pain
    chest pain
    cough or hoarseness
    darkening of the urine
    difficulty with speaking or slurred speech
    fainting
    frequent urination
    irregular, pounding, or unusually slow heartbeat
    lower back or side pain
    mental depression with restlessness and nervousness or other mood or mental changes
    muscle or stomach cramps
    nosebleeds or other unusual bleeding or bruising
    numbness, tingling, pain, or weakness in the hands and feet
    pain, tenderness, swelling, or bluish color in the leg or foot
    painful or difficult urination
    pale stools
    pinpoint red spots on the skin
    rapid weight gain
    rigidity
    ringing, buzzing, or other unexplained sounds in the ears
    skin rash, hives, or itching
    sore throat, chills, and fever
    sores, ulcers, or white spots on the lips or in the mouth
    swelling of the face, hands, feet, or lower legs
    swollen or painful glands
    sudden decrease in the amount of urine
    tightness in the chest
    trembling
    troubled breathing
    uncontrolled body movements
    unusual tiredness or weakness
    visual hallucinations (seeing things that are not there)
    yellow eyes or skin
    Severity: Minor
    Some of the side effects that can occur with carbamazepine may not need medical attention. As your body adjusts to the medicine during treatment these side effects may go away. Your health care professional may also be able to tell you about ways to reduce or prevent some of these side effects. If any of the following side effects continue, are bothersome or if you have any questions about them, check with your health care professional:

    More common
    Dizziness (mild)
    drowsiness (mild)
    lightheadedness
    nausea or vomiting (mild)
    Less common or rare
    Accidental injury
    aching joints or muscles
    acid or sour stomach
    back pain
    belching
    constipation
    diarrhea
    dryness of the mouth
    headache
    heartburn
    increased sensitivity of the skin to sunlight (skin rash, itching, redness or other discoloration of the skin, or severe sunburn)
    increased sweating
    indigestion
    irritation or soreness of the tongue or mouth
    itching skin
    lack or loss of strength
    loss of hair
    loss of memory
    problems with memory
    sexual problems in males
    sleepiness
    stomach pain, upset, or discomfort
  • (carbamazepine) capsule, extended release