Bleomycin is a cancer medication that interferes with the growth and spread of cancer cells in the body.

Bleomycin is used to treat squamous cell carcinoma, a skin cancer that can affect the mouth, throat, nose and sinuses, penis, vagina, cervix, and other. Bleomycin is also used to treat Hodgkin’s disease and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, testicular cancer, and malignant pleural effusion (a build-up of fluid in the outer tissues of the lungs, caused by certain types of cancer).

Bleomycin treats only the symptoms of prostate cancer but does not treat the cancer itself.

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  • Blenoxane
  • More common
    Fever and chills (occurring within 3 to 6 hours after a dose)
    Less common
    Confusion
    faintness
    wheezing
    Rare
    Chest pain (sudden severe)
    weakness in arms or legs (sudden)
    Severity: Moderate
    If any of the following side effects occur while taking bleomycin, check with your doctor or nurse as soon as possible:

    More common
    Cough
    shortness of breath
    sores in mouth and on lips
    Severity: Minor
    Some of the side effects that can occur with bleomycin may not need medical attention. As your body adjusts to the medicine during treatment these side effects may go away. Your health care professional may also be able to tell you about ways to reduce or prevent some of these side effects. If any of the following side effects continue, are bothersome or if you have any questions about them, check with your health care professional:

    More common
    Darkening or thickening of skin
    dark stripes on skin
    itching of skin
    skin rash or colored bumps on fingertips, elbows, or palms
    skin redness or tenderness
    swelling of fingers
    vomiting and loss of appetite
    Less common
    Changes in fingernails or toenails
    weight loss
    Bleomycin may cause a temporary loss of hair in some people. After treatment has ended, normal hair growth should return, although it may take several months.

    Side effects that affect your lungs (for example, cough and shortness of breath) may be more likely to occur if you smoke.

    Side Effects: Post Treatment
    After you stop taking this drug, it is possible that you may still experience side effects that need medical attention. If you notice any of the following side effects check with your doctor immediately:

    Cough
    shortness of breath
  • (bleomycin sulfate) Injection