Nifedipine is in a group of drugs called calcium channel blockers. It works by relaxing the muscles of your heart and blood vessels.

Nifedipine is used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure) and angina (chest pain).

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  • Adalat CC, Afeditab CR, Nifediac CC, Nifedical XL, Procardia, Procardia XL
  • Severity: Major
    You should check with your doctor immediately if any of these side effects occur when taking nifedipine:

    More common:
    Bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet
    difficult or labored breathing
    dizziness or lightheadedness
    fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse
    feeling of warmth
    muscle cramps
    rapid weight gain
    shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet
    shortness of breath
    tightness in the chest
    tingling of the hands or feet
    trembling or shaking of the hands or feet
    unusual weight gain or loss
    Less common:
    Blue lips and fingernails
    chest congestion
    chest pain
    coughing that sometimes produces a pink frothy sputum
    decreased urine output
    difficult, fast, or noisy breathing, sometimes with wheezing
    dilated neck veins
    extreme fatigue
    increased sweating
    irregular breathing
    pain or discomfort in the arms, jaw, back, or neck
    pale skin
    severe unusual tiredness or weakness
    troubled breathing
    Black, tarry stools
    bleeding gums
    blood in the eyes
    blood in the urine or stools
    bloody stools
    bluish color
    blurred vision
    body aches or pain
    changes in skin color
    cold sweats
    dark urine
    difficulty with swallowing
    dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
    dry mouth
    dryness or soreness of throat
    ear congestion or pain
    extra heartbeats
    eye pain
    feeling unusually cold
    general tiredness and weakness
    headache, severe and throbbing
    increased urge to urinate during the night
    irritation in the mouth
    large, hive-like swelling on face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
    light-colored stools
    nasal congestion
    neck pain
    no blood pressure or pulse
    noisy breathing
    pain in the groin or genitals
    pain or burning while urinating
    painful or difficult urination
    pinpoint red spots on the skin
    puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
    redness and swelling of the gums
    redness in the whites of the eyes
    runny nose
    shakiness and unsteady walk
    sharp back pain just below ribs
    skin rash
    small clicking, bubbling, or rattling sounds in the lung when listening with a stethoscope
    sore throat
    sores, ulcers, or white spots on the lips or in the mouth
    stopping of heart
    swelling around the eyes
    swollen glands
    tender, swollen glands in the neck
    troubled breathing with exertion
    unsteadiness, trembling, or other problems with muscle control or coordination
    unusual bleeding or bruising
    upper right abdominal or stomach pain
    vision changes
    voice changes
    vomiting of blood or material that looks like coffee grounds
    waking to urinate at night
    yellow eyes and skin
    Severity: Minor
    Some of the side effects that can occur with nifedipine may not need medical attention. As your body adjusts to the medicine during treatment these side effects may go away. Your health care professional may also be able to tell you about ways to reduce or prevent some of these side effects. If any of the following side effects continue, are bothersome or if you have any questions about them, check with your health care professional:

    More common:
    feeling of indigestion
    mood changes
    pain in the chest below the breastbone
    redness of the face, neck, arms, and occasionally, upper chest
    Less common:
    Abnormal ejaculation
    bloody nose
    burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings
    decreased interest in sexual intercourse
    decreased sexual performance or desire
    difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
    excess air or gas in stomach or intestines
    feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
    full feeling
    general feeling of discomfort or illness
    inability to have or keep an erection
    increased need to urinate
    joint stiffness
    leg cramps or pain
    loss in sexual ability, desire, drive, or performance
    passing gas
    passing urine more often
    stuffy nose
    trouble sleeping
    Acid or sour stomach
    ankle, knee, or great toe joint pain
    cracks in the skin
    difficulty with moving
    excessive muscle tone
    fear or nervousness
    feeling sad or empty
    hair loss or thinning of the hair
    increased sensitivity of the skin to sunlight
    itching, pain, redness, swelling, tenderness, or warmth on the skin
    lack of appetite
    lack or loss of strength
    loss of heat from the body
    loss of interest or pleasure
    loss of strength or energy
    loss in sexual ability, desire, drive, or performance
    lower back or side pain
    muscle pain or weakness
    muscle stiffness
    muscle tension or tightness
    pain or burning in the throat
    red, swollen skin
    redness or other discoloration of the skin
    scaly skin
    severe sunburn
    sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
    stomach discomfort, upset, or pain
    swelling of the breasts or breast soreness in both females and males
    trouble concentrating
    unable to sleep
  • (nifedipine) tablet, film coated, extended release